SAFETY FOR ALL EMPLOYEES, OSHA TRAINING
It is important to note that the spill of hazardous materials and chemicals can just happen anywhere. Even if there is only a small chance that it could occur in your facility, your employees should be trained on what to do in a hazardous spill situation. In case of an hazardous waste spill, there are five main people who are most likely to be affected and that is why OSHA offers five levels of training for these individuals.
Awareness for first responder.
This level involves everyone who enters a facility including personal who don’t usually deal with chemicals including office personal. The staff in this level only need four hours of training as they are taught the most basic issues regarding handling chemicals. The employees are taught how to identify an emergency and who to contact. Basically, the employees are taught how to detect emergency and who to get in touch with quickly.
First Responder Operations
The employees in this level are those that are responsible for keeping spills from spreading as well as keeping away unauthorized people. The amount of hours required for training this staff is mainly eight hours. Here the training is more advanced as they are taught about risk assessment as well as the terms used to refer hazardous materials. Also they learn personal protective equipment use, simple control and containment operations and how to implement basic decontamination procedures.
Training the technicians.
At this level, the staff to be trained are those that actually get into the spill area and stop the spill from spreading. 24 hours of training is required in order to complete training in this level. Their training covers chemical and toxicological hazards and risk assessment techniques. They also learn use of field survey instruments to identify hazardous materials, spill control techniques, plug leaking containers and complex decontamination procedures.
Training the specialist.
the training done in this level is given to the specialist in this field on how to handle hazardous materials and how to communicate this with the relevant authorities. 24 hours of training ir required here where they are taught about the various types of hazardous materials in detail. Here, the specialists learn how to carry out decontamination and how to contain a spill as well as the various personal protective gears available and which one is the most appropriate and for what situation.
Training the Incident commander
This individuals are in charge of all the cleanups that happen after a spill and as a result the receive the highest level of training. The amount of hours needed for training varies from facility to facility but they are required at least 24 hours of class training. They need to have intimate knowledge of state and local regulations and know how to implement the facilities emergency response plan. Incident commander is also required to be an expert in medical risks and decontamination.